Thomas Alva Edison

Thomas Alva Edison Biography

Thomas Edison information, life, wiki & family

An inventor and businessman, Thomas Alva Edison was born on February 11, 1847 in Ohio, U.S. He invented many devices which made significant influence around the world, such as the, the motion picture camera, phonograph and the enduring, practical electric light bulb. Edison has been nicknamed “The Wizard of Menlo Park”. He is frequently recognised with the establishment of the first industrial research laboratory since he was one of the first inventors to relate the ideologies of mass production and large-scale teamwork to the process of invention.

Holding 1,093 US patents in his name in addition to many patents in the France, United Kingdom, and Germany, Edison was a prolific inventor. More meaningful than the number of Edison’s patents was the extensive influence of his inventions: electric light and power utilities, sound recording, and motion pictures all brought about major new industries worldwide. Edison’s inventions made a huge impact to the field of mass communication especially telecommunications. These included a battery for an electric car, a stock ticker, electrical power, a mechanical vote recorder, recorded music and motion pictures.

edison bulb

Thomas Edison’s first successful light bulb model, 1879

His advanced work in these fields was a development of his early career as a telegraph operator. Edison developed a system of electric-power generation and distribution to businesses, homes, and factories, which is considered a fundamental development in the modern industrialized world. His first power station was set up on Pearl Street in Manhattan, New York. He has been described as America’s greatest inventor.

Edison is recognised with designing and producing the first commercially available fluoroscope, a machine that uses X-rays to take radiographs. Up until Edison uncovered that calcium tungstate fluoroscopy screens yielded clearer images than the barium platinocyanide screens which was originally used by Wilhelm Röntgen where the technology was capable of producing only very faint images. The ultimate design of Edison’s fluoroscope is still in use today, even though Edison himself abandoned the project as he nearly lost his own eyesight and critically injured his assistant, Clarence Dally, who had been exposed to a poisonous dose of radiation and later died of injuries related to the exposure.

Concerned with America’s dependence on foreign supply of rubber, Edison was determined to find a native supply of rubber. In 1927, he partnered with Harvey Firestone and Henry Ford where all three contributing $25,000 each to create the Edison Botanic Research Corp and on the following year they built a laboratory in Fort Myers, Florida. Edison did the majority of the research and planting, and after testing about 17,000 plant samples, he eventually found an adequate source in the Goldenrod plant.

On October 18, 1931, Edison died of complications of diabetes in his home, in Llewellyn Park in West Orange, New Jersey, which he had bought in 1886 as a wedding gift for his wife Mina. It is said that Edison’s last breath is allegedly preserved in a test tube at the Henry Ford Museum. Ford supposedly persuaded Charles Edison to seal a test tube of air in the inventor’s room shortly after his death, as a memento.


Who was Thomas Edison

Thomas Edison was an American inventor and businessman. He developed many devices that greatly influenced life around the world, including the phonograph, the motion picture camera, and the long-lasting, practical electric light bulb.

Where was Thomas Edison born

February 11, 1847 in Ohio, U.S.

When did Thomas Edison die

October 18, 1931 (aged 84) West Orange, New Jersey, U.S.

Thomas Edison wikipedia

When did Thomas Edison invent the light bulb


Thomas Edison mother

Nancy Matthews Elliott (1810–1871)

Thomas Edison father

Samuel Ogden Edison, Jr. (1804–1896)

Thomas Edison wife / spouse

  • Mary Stilwell (m. 187184)
  • Mina Miller (m. 18861931)

Thomas Edison children /kids

  • Marion Estelle Edison (1873–1965)
  • Thomas Alva Edison Jr. (1876–1935)
  • William Leslie Edison (1878–1937)
  • Madeleine Edison (1888–1979)
  • Charles Edison (1890–1969)
  • Theodore Miller Edison (1898–1992)

Thomas Edison education


What did Thomas Edison invent

  • Electric light
  • Motion pictures
  • Carbon telephone transmitter
  • Fluoroscopy
  • Telegraph improvements
  • Mining
  • Rubber

Why is Thomas Edison famous for

He developed many devices that greatly influenced life around the world, including the phonograph, the motion picture camera, and the long-lasting, practical electric light bulb.

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