Nicolaus Copernicus, astronomer and mathematician, was born on 19 February 1473 in Royal Prussia,Kingdom of Poland. He was the one who put together a model of the universe that placed the Sun rather than the Earth at the center of the universe. His publication of this model in his book De revolutionibus orbium coelestium (On the Revolutions of the Celestial Spheres) in 1543 is considered a major event in the history of science which not only generated the Copernican Revolution but also made a significant influence to the Scientific Revolution.
At the age of 18 to attend college Copernicus traveled to Italy, where he prepared for a career in the church. As part of his education, he studied astrology because during that time it was felt important for priests and doctors. Astronomy, the motion of heavenly bodies, was an important element of this. Most believed that Earth held its place as the centre of the universe during Copernicus’ lifetime where the sun, the stars, and all of the planets revolved around the Earth. Copernicus issued a handwritten book to his friends that showed his understanding of the universe in 1514 where he proposed that the centre of the universe was not Earth, but that the sun lay near it. He also proposed that Earth’s rotation accounted for the movement of the stars, the rise and setting of the sun, and also that the cycle of seasons was caused by Earth’s revolutions around it. Lastly, he proposed that Earth’s motion through space caused the retrograde motion of the planets across the night sky which means that planets sometimes move in the same directions as stars, slowly across the sky from night to night, but from time to time they move in the opposite direction.
Nicolaus Copernicus Contribution, Inventions & Books
It wasn’t up until at the age of 70 when he lay on his deathbed that Copernicus published his book, De Revolutionibus Orbium Coelestium (“On the Revolutions of the Heavenly Spheres”) where Copernicus verified that the planets orbited the sun rather than the Earth. In it he presented his model of the solar system and the path of the planets.
He was a polyglot and polymath who obtained a doctorate in canon law and moreover he also practiced as a physician, translator, classics scholar, governor, economist and diplomat. In 1517 he derived a quantity theory of money which is a key concept in economics. Furthermore, in 1519 he originated a version of what later became known as Gresham’s law.
Toward the close of 1542, Copernicus was seized with apoplexy and paralysis, and on 24 May 1543 he died at the age of 70. It is said that on the very day that he died he was given with the ultimate printed pages of his Dē revolutionibus orbium coelestium, allowing him to take farewell of his life’s work. He is alleged to have awoken from a stroke-induced coma, looked at his book, and then died peacefully.
Copernicus was supposedly buried in Frombork Cathedral, where for over two centuries archaeologists searched in vain for his remains. In 1802, 1909, 1939 and 2004 efforts to locate his remains had come to failure. However, in August 2005 a team led by Jerzy Gąssowski, head of an anthropology and archaeology institute in Pułtusk, discovered what they believed to be Copernicus’s remains after scanning beneath the cathedral floor.
Who was Copernicus
Nicolaus Copernicus children
When did Copernicus die
24 May 1543 (aged 70)