Frequently referred by doctors as diabetes mellitus, Diabetes refers to a group of metabolic diseases in which the person has high blood sugar, which is caused either because the body’s cells do not respond properly to insulin or due to inadequate production of insulin or, or both. Patients suffering from high blood sugar normally experience frequent urination, thirst and hunger. Diabetic patients have risk of cardiovascular disease so it is crucial their blood pressure and cholesterol levels are checked frequently. Since smoking might have a serious effect on cardiovascular health, diabetics patients should stop smoking.
There are three types of diabetes:
Type 1 diabetes:
Some people may refer to this type as an early-onset diabetes or juvenile diabetes or insulin-dependent diabetes. It occurs when the body does not produce insulin. People generally acquire type 1 diabetes before their 40th year which is often in early adulthood or teenage years. Roughly 10% of all diabetes cases are type 1. For the rest of their life Patients with type 1 diabetes will need to take insulin injections. Furthermore, they must also make sure to maintain proper blood-glucose levels by following a special diet and carrying out regular blood tests. Patients suffering from Type 1 can lead a normal life if they do enough exercise, follow a healthy eating plan and take insulin.
Type 2 diabetes:
It occurs either when the cells in the body do not react to insulin or when the body does not produce enough insulin for proper function. Approximately 90% of all cases of diabetes worldwide are type 2. Compared to those with a healthy body weight people who are overweight and obese have a much higher risk of developing type 2 diabetes. The risk of developing type 2 diabetes is also greater as we get older.
Some people may be able to control their type 2 diabetes symptoms by losing weight, doing plenty of exercise, following a healthy diet, and monitoring their blood glucose levels. Nevertheless, type 2 diabetes is usually a progressive disease which gradually gets worse and the patient will probably end up have to take insulin, usually in tablet form.
This form of diabetes affects females during pregnancy. It occurs because some women have very high levels of glucose in their blood which makes their bodies are unable to produce enough insulin to transport all of the glucose into their cells causing in progressively rising levels of glucose.
While the most of gestational diabetes patients can control their blood sugar with exercise and diet, about 10% to 20% of them will require to take some type of blood-glucose-controlling medications. Uncontrolled or undiagnosed gestational diabetes can increase the risk of complications during childbirth.
The most common signs and symptoms of diabetes are:
- Frequent urination
- Intense hunger
- Disproportionate thirst
- Weight gain
- Increased fatigue
- Unusual weight loss
- Blurred vision
- Irritability due to lack of energy.
- Bruises and cuts don’t heal properly or quickly
- Itchy skin
- More skin and/or yeast infections
- Gums are in red and/or in swollen state – Gums pull away from teeth
- Sexual dysfunction among men
- Numbness or tingling, especially in your feet and hands
- Frequent gum disease/infection
Prevention and treatment
It involves having a healthy diet, regular physical exercise, a normal body weight, and avoiding use of tobacco. Diabetes patient must control the blood pressure and maintaining proper foot cares.
What causes diabetes
Diabetes develop when the body doesn’t make enough insulin or is not able to use insulin effectively, or both.
What is diabetes
Diabetes refers to a group of metabolic diseases in which the person has high blood sugar, which is caused either because the body’s cells do not respond properly to insulin or due to inadequate production of insulin or, or both.
What is type 2 diabetes
It occurs either when the cells in the body do not react to insulin or when the body does not produce enough insulin for proper function.
What is type 1 diabetes
Some people may refer to this type as an early-onset diabetes or juvenile diabetes or insulin-dependent diabetes. It occurs when the body does not produce insulin.
What is insulin
Insulin is a hormone produced in the pancreas by the islets of Langerhans, which regulates the amount of glucose in the blood.
Is diabetes curable
There is no cure for diabetes but can prevent.