Aristotle

Facts of Aristotle

Biography of Aristotle

Greek greatest & famous philosopher and scientist, Aristotle was born on 384 BC in the city of Stagira, Chalkidice, on the northern periphery of Classical Greece. When Aristotle was just a child his father, Nicomachus, died, after that Proxenus of Atarneus became his guardian. He joined Plato’s Academy in Athens at the age of seventeen or eighteen and remained there up until the age of thirty-seven (c. 347 BC).Shortly after Plato’s death Aristotle left Athens and tutored Alexander the Great, at the appeal of Philip of Macedon, starting from 343 BC. Aristotle died at the age of 64 on 322 BC.

Plato

Plato

Aristotle Metaphysics, Ethics, Theory

His writings cover many subjects such as physics, zoology, biology, metaphysics, ethics, logic, poetry, aesthetics, music, theater, linguistics, rhetoric, government and politics. His writings even includes the first inclusive system of Western philosophy.

Aristotle was given many opportunities and an abundance of supplies after teaching Alexander the Great. His establishment of a library in the Lyceum supported in the production of many of his hundreds of books. Due to the fact that Aristotle was a pupil of Plato his former views of Platonism, was backed up but Aristotle immersed himself in empirical studies and shifted from Platonism to empiricism after Plato’s death where he believed all of peoples’ concepts and knowledge were at the end of the day based on perception. His views on natural sciences signify the foundation underlying many of his works.

Medieval scholarship was profoundly shaped due to Aristotle’s views on physical science. Some of Aristotle’s work on zoological observations, like on the hectocotyl (reproductive) arm of the octopus, were not confirmed or refuted till the 19th century. His works contain the initial known proper study of logic, which in the late 19th century was incorporated into modern formal logic.

In term of metaphysics, Aristotelianism not only strongly influenced Judeo-Islamic philosophical but also the theological thought in the course of the Middle Ages and carries on to influence Christian theology, particularly the Neoplatonism of the Early Church and the pedagogic practices of the Roman Catholic Church. Aristotle was well known between medieval Muslim intellectuals and well-regarded as “The First Teacher”

Though always influential, his ethics has obtained renovated interest with the modern advent of virtue ethics. Today All aspects of Aristotle’s idea remain to be the object of active academic study. Though Aristotle wrote many sophisticated pieces and dialogues, it is believed that only about a third of his original writings has lived on.

Aristotle remains as one of the most influential people who ever lived even after more than 2300 years after his death. His contribution is not limited to almost every field of human knowledge which are in existence, but he is also considered the founder of many new fields. Among innumerable other achievements, Aristotle was the founder of formal logic, led the way to the study of zoology, and left every upcoming scientist and philosopher in his debt through his inputs to the scientific method. Despite these achievements, the influence of Aristotle’s blunders is regarded to held back science considerably.

Aristotle Notable ideas

  • Golden mean
  • Aristotelian logic
  • Syllogism
  • Hexis
  • Hylomorphism
  • Theory of the soul

Aristotle Main interests

  • Biology – Zoology
  • Physics – Metaphysics
  • Logic – Ethics – Rhetoric
  • Music – Poetry – Theatre
  • Politics – Government
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